Cambridge is a city located within Middlesex County, Massachusetts within the USA. It is situated in the Greater Boston Area. The city of Cambridge was named in honor of the University of Cambridge within England, that was a vital center of the Puritan theology that was embraced by the founding citizens of the township. An inhabitant of Cambridge is affectionately called a "Cantabrigian."
Located in Cambridge City are two of the world's most well-known universities, Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. The population of the city of Cambridge is approximately 105,162, based on the 2010 US Census, which makes it the 5th largest city in the state of Massachusetts. The four bigger cities consist of: Boston, Worcester, Lowell and Springfield. Lowell is one county seat of Middlesex County and Cambridge City is the other.
The area was settled during the year 1630 by a group of Puritan settlers from England. Initially, the area was named "Newtowne." Harvard College, founded facilities during 1636, that prompted the move to a more appropriate and new name. "Cambridge" was chosen as the formal name because of the familiarity that many of the settlers had with Cambridge University within England. The town was incorporated during 1636 and in the year 1846 it became a city as soon as the initial town of Old Cambridge amalgamated together with two villages Cambridge Port and East Cambridge.
The city of Cambridge had a major industrial focus during the latter part of the 19th and early part of the 20th centuries, on industries such as furniture and glass businesses. At present, the emphasis of the economy has shifted to a technology-based economy that consists of economies in biotechnology research, electronics and software. Nowadays, the city of Cambridge is a very vibrant college-influenced community which enjoys a strong mix of culture, social diversity, technological innovation and intellectual vitality.
The city's biggest businesses now are the educational institutions. Both Harvard and MIT combined employ around 20,000 individuals. The city of Cambridge is likewise home to various legendary technology businesses like for example Analog Devices, Bolt, Akamai Beranek and Newman or BBN Technologies which is now a part of Raytheon, Symbolics, Thinking Machines, Polaroid, General Radio or also referred to as GenRad and the Lotus Development Corporation who are currently a part of IBM.
During the years, the majority of these tech businesses have either moved away and relocated due to growth or declined and closed their companies. For example, during the year 1996, Arthur D. Little, Lotus and Polaroid were all top businesses with more than 1000 employees in the city of Cambridge. In a few years they disappeared or declined. By 2005, Harvard, MIT and biotechnology and health care firms such as Novartis, Genzyme, Biogen and Idec dominated the city economy. There are biotechnology companies situated around East Cambridge and Kendall Square. Decades ago these locations were the center for manufacturing enterprises within the city. The University Park at MIT is likewise another new development situated in another previous manufacturing region.
IBM Research, Microsoft Research and Google has regional offices within the city of Cambridge. Furthermore, Harmonix Music Systems, a video game developer, is also based in Central Square. Also, the city is the New England head office for Miramax Films and Time Warner Cable.