In Western New England, the City of Springfield is the most populous city. Additionally, it is the seat of Hampden County, Massachusetts within the USA. Springfield is located on the eastern bank of the Connecticut River, near its convergence with 3 rivers; the eastern Chicopee River, the eastern Mill River and the western Westfield River. The population of the City of Springfield was about 153,060, based on the 2010 Census. In the year 2009, Metropolitan Springfield, one of two metropolitan areas within Massachusetts, the other being Greater Boston, had an estimated population of 698,903. The City of Springfield is the largest city within Western New England.
The City of Springfield, Massachusetts is the very first city of Springfield within the New World. It is the cultural, economic and urban capital of Massachusetts' Connecticut River Valley, an area colloquially referred to as the Pioneer Valley. Springfield is the 3rd largest city within the state of Massachusetts and also the 4th largest within New England; after Boston, Worcester and Providence.
The city has numerous nickname and is affectionately known as "the City of Firsts" since it has been home to numerous innovations. Another nickname is "the City of Homes" because of the attractive Victorian residential architecture. Ever since basketball, the next most popular sport in the globe, was invented within the City of Springfield, it is also known as "Hoop City."
Hartford, Connecticut, the capital city of the state of Connecticut is only 23.9 miles or 38.5 km south of Springfield. It is situated on the western bank of the Connecticut River. Bradley International Airport is the one people of Springfield utilize. This airport is operated and owned by the Connecticut Department of Transportation. The airport is also called the Hartford-Springfield Airport as it lies the same distance between the two cities.
The area referred to as the Knowledge Corridor is the Hartford-Springfield region. This location hosts more than 160,000 university students. There are more than thirty-two liberal arts universities and colleges in this corridor, making it the 2nd highest concentration of higher learning institutions in the USA. Amongst the well-known institutions include Springfield Technical Community College, Western New England University, Springfield College, the University of Massachusetts Amherst's School of Urban Design and American International College, amongst many others.
The City of Springfield is famous across the world as the birthplace for basketball. Theology graduate, James Naismith, invented the sport in the year 1891, at the now Springfield College, that was known as the YMCA International Training School back then. He invented the game to fill in the gap between the baseball and football seasons. The Mason Square district of the city is where the very first basketball game ever played occurred.
The main industries within Springfield, in order by number of workers are Transportation and Trade; Health and Education Services, Manufacturing; Hospitality and Tourism; and finally, Government. The City of Springfield is said to have a "mature economy." To some degree, this protects the City of Springfield during recessions and inhibits it somewhat. Springfield is said to have one of the top emerging multi-cultural markets within the United States. The city has a prominent 33 percent Latino population with buying power that has increased from 1990 to 2006 over 295%. During the last 20 years, over 60% of Hispanic Springfielders have arrived and presently call the City of Springfield home.